In the course of the years, Geert & Sara Nijs have researched in depth the ancient history of the European golf-like games of colf (kolf), crosse (choule) and mail (pall mall) and their relationship to Scottish golf. The researchers have now finalized the last part of their trilogy ‘Games for Kings & Commoners’. Again they discuss a whole series of new subjects, like the endless claims on the origin of golf from all over the world. They describe the ‘Little Ice Age’ and its consequences for the games; they show the development of clubs during the centuries as well as the development from the short into the long game. They report about the fascinating discovery of ancient clubs, excavated from 16th- and 17th-century shipwrecks. The origin of the names is dealt with as well as several other subjects.
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