One of the historical buildings in the ancient town of Largs on the west coast of Scotland is the remains of a church: the Skelmorlie Aisle of Largs Old Kirk. On the wooden ceiling of the aisle there is a painting from 1636 showing among others a picture of people playing with sticks or whatever on the ice.
The authors researched the winter scene picture and tried to find out what kind of game was presented: golf on the ice, colf on the ice or curling.
Here you can read about the research and perhaps find an answer yourself.