Crosse (choule)

In the history of the Franco/Belgian game of crosse, women hardly played a more than marginal role. It was far more the exception than the rule that references were made both in words and paintings or drawings to women holding a crosse club. For ages the game was considered (by men) as being unsuitable for women. Playing in the streets and in the fields in and around the towns or villages was not an acceptable environment. In the Middle Ages, cursing, swearing, drinking betting and fighting were very common.
Under Crosse you can find what we have discovered about women and the game of crosse. Happy reading.

livre d'heures

Since the game of golf caught the interest of (amateur) historians the world over, significant information has been found about the so called ‘feathery’ ball, probably introduced into the game around the beginning of the 17th century.
Although the related games on the European mainland are mentioned – sometimes as a kind of curiosity, sometimes as serious contenders for the origin of the golf – no serious research has been undertaken to get to know more about the balls used in the games of colf, crosse and mail.
We have made an attempt to find out more about the different balls used particularly in the game of crosse as played since time and age in the Franco-Belgian border zone.
Please click here to find the outcome of our research on the peculiar choulette crosse ball.

saint anthony

The 17th of January was once the special day to celebrate the patron saint of all crosseurs in the crosse region around the cities of Mons (South Belgium) and Maubeuge (North France) in the ancient county of Hainaut. On this day people from the region joined in a pilgrimage from Mons to the St Anthony chapel near the village of Havré to ask the saint for protection against the plague.
Also the many crosseurs joined in this pilgrimage holding proudly their crosse club over their shoulders. When they arrived after a walk of more than 10 kilometres they put a crosse club in the hand of the statue of St Anthony and they participated in a special mass.
After the religious duties in and near the chapel the people stayed to meet each other, to sing and dance, to drink and to play games. The crosseurs started to play their game in the fields around the chapel. The final target of the game was the door of the chapel. Late in the afternoon the crosseurs returned to Mons stopping at every tavern on its way to a traditional, copious meal of rabbit sprinkled with beer and wine. They sang over and over again the ancient song of St Anthony:

A Saint Antoine,                              On the day of St Anthony,
on va crocher,                                  we are going to play crosse,
avec ‘n soule et ‘n macquet.          with a ball and a club.

When diseases like the plague became more and more under control the interest in making pilgrimages to Havré dwindled and eventually stopped. The crosseurs however continued for many years to come to hold a pilgrimage to the chapel to celebrate St Anthony who had become their patron saint. After the Second World War when also the interest in the game of crosse declined as well as the interest in the pilgrimage to Havré.
Today the chapel is in a dilapidated state and the door seems to be definitely closed.

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